AARON(AIRn). Older brother of and
early spokesman for Moses (Ex. 4:14-16).
Became Israel's first high priest. The
Aaronic priesthood (priests of the tribe of
Levi) was named for him (Ex. 28:1; 29;
Lev. 8; Num. 18). See
Early spokesman for Moses who helped
him in battle (Ex. 17:9-12), but also made
an idol (Ex. 32) and criticized Moses for
his choice of a wife (Num. 12:1-2).
Parents were Amram and Jochebed; sister
was Miriam (Num. 26:59). Aaron lived
until age 123 and died without entering
the Promised Land because of his lack of
faith in God (Num. 20:12).
AARON'S ROD.Walking stick used by
Aaron to carry out God's commands. The
rod played a part in several miracles that
resulted in Pharaoh's letting the Jewish
slaves go. It became a serpent that swallowed
the serpents from the rods of the
Egyptian magicians (Ex. 7:8-13) and was
used to bring about the first three plagues
(Ex. 7:19-21; 8:5-7, 16-19).
Later in Aaron's life, the rod sprouted,
budded, and blossomed to signal Aaron as
God's choice for the head of a priesthood
(Num. 17:1-11). It was displayed before
(and later in) the ark of the covenant as a
warning to those who rebelled against the
Lord (Heb. 9:4; Num. 17:10).
AB.Fifth Hebrew month (Num. 33:38).
Matches part of our July and August. See
ABASE.To humble oneself or be humbled;
to get the right view of oneself by
choice or by force (Dan. 4:37; 2 Cor.
11:7; Phil. 4:12).
ABATE.Decrease or withdraw (Gen. 8:8;
Fatherin Aramaic; much like our
. All three NT references are
to God (Mark 14:36; Rom. 8:15; Gal.
4:6). Shows that God is a loving,
ABEDNEGO(uh BED nih go). New
name given to Azariah, friend of Daniel
(Dan. 1:6-7). Abednego survived the fiery
furnace along with Shadrach and Meshach
ABEL(AY bel). Second son of Adam and
Eve. A shepherd who pleased God with
his worship. His brother Cain's sacrifice
did not please God, and so Cain murdered
Abel (Gen. 4:2-8; Heb. 11:4; 1 John
ABHOR.Hate, repel, reject, shrink from
in horror (Deut. 7:26; Rom. 12:9).
ABIATHAR(uh BIGH uh thar). A high
priest during David's time. Served after
his father Ahimelech but was later thrown
out of the priestly office by Solomon
because Abiathar favored Adonijah over
Solomon (see 1 Sam. 22:20-22; 23:6,9; 1
Kings 1:24-25; 2:26-27).
ABIDE.Remain, live, continue, persist (1
Sam. 1:22; John 15:4; Phil. 1:25). Forbear
ABIGAIL(AB ih gayl). Beautiful, wise,
and poised wife of David, who married
him after her first husband, Nabal, died (1
Sam. 25). Another Abigail was a sister of
David who married Jether and became the
mother of Amasa (1 Chron. 2:16-17).
ABIHU(uh BIGH hyoo). The second
son of Aaron and a priest (Ex. 6:23;
28:1). Went with Moses, Aaron, and
others toward Mount Sinai to worship
God (Ex. 24:1,9). Later he died a fiery
death with his brother Nadab after they
had displeased God (Lev. 10:1-2; Num.
ABIMELECH(uh BIM eh lek). A son of
Jerubbaal (Gideon) who became king after
killing his brothers (except Jotham who
escaped). Abimelech ruled Israel for three
years until he attacked Thebez where his
skull was crushed by a stone in battle
(Judg. 8:29-9:57). Also a line of kings
(Gen. 20-21; 26:1).
ABLUTIONS.Ceremonial washings for
the purpose of religious purity (Heb. 6:2;
ABNER(AB nur). Saul's cousin and commander
of Saul's army. Later served under
Saul's son Ishbosheth and favored David.
David's commander, Joab, was suspicious
of Abner and murdered him (1 Sam.
14:50-2 Sam. 3:30).
ABODE.Home, place to stay (John
14:23). Also, past tense of
ABOLISH.Put to an end (2 Tim. 1:10);
remove (Heb. 10:9, RSV).
ABOMINATION.A horrible foul thing
to God or man. The adjective
abominabledescribes something hateful,
loathsome, putrid, sickening, awful, disgusting,
evil (Matt. 24:15; Gen. 43:32).
Abominations are connected with idolatry
(Rev. 17:4-5; 21:27), disrespect for
God (Ezek. 7:3-4), ceremonial uncleanness
(Lev. 7:21), and sexual sins (Rev.
ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION.
An indescribably evil, horrible, detestable
thing to occur in the last days (see Dan.
9:27; 11:31; 12:11; Matt. 24:15; Mark
13:14). Scholars differ on whether the
term refers to a person called the
Antichrist (see 1 John 2:18-22) or a profane
symbol, event, or act.
The evil represented by this abomination
always wants to make a desert
of one's spiritual life. To keep this from
happening, recognize the danger of evil
and run or resist in the power of God
(Matt. 24:15-16; 1 Cor. 10:13).
ABOUND.Overflow, increase, grow
have abundance (1 Thess. 3:12; Prov.
ABRAHAM(AY bruh ham). The first
Hebrew (Gen. 14:13). God promised
the childless Abraham that he would
make him the father of a great nation.
God was faithful to his promise (Gen.
12:1-2) and gave the almost one hundred
year-old Abraham and his ninety-year-old
wife Sarah a baby named Isaac
(Gen. 17:1-8). During the many years
between the promise and the baby of
promise, Abraham and Sarah got tired
of waiting on God, so Abraham
fathered Ishmael by the handmaid
Hagar and gave birth to another nation.
Despite Abraham's weakness, God's
promise unfolded like a drama. Read
Genesis 11:26-25:11 for the full story of
Abraham and his faith in God. (Compare
The name Abraham is the longer form
of Abram and means
father of a multitude(Gen. 17:1-8). He
lived in Ur, Haran, Egypt, and Canaan. He
died at age 175 and was buried in a cave
at Hebron (Gen. 13:18; 25:7-10).
Abraham's experience teaches us
that God's calling is worth responding
to, and His promises are worth working
toward and waiting on.
ABRAHAM'S BOSOM.Term that
described blessing after death (Luke
ABSALOM(AB suh luhm). Third son of
David (2 Sam. 3:2-5). Absalom means
father in peace
, but his name did not fit
his personality. He arranged his half brother
Amnon's murder (2 Sam. 13) and
rebelled against his father, King David, to
make himself king (2 Sam. 15). Absalom
was murdered against his father's wishes
and much to his father's sadness (2 Sam.
ABSTAIN.Avoid or keep away from.
Examples of acts to abstain from include
idols, sex outside marriage, and evil in
general (Acts 15:20; 1 Thess. 5:22).
ABUNDANCE.A multitude, plenty, fullness,
more than enough (Deut. 28:47;
Rom. 5:17). The true abundant life is not
made up of money or possessions but of
such riches as commitment to God, love,
joy, peace, and friendship (John 10:10;
ABUSE.Mistreat, misuse, damage physically
of emotionally (1 Chron. 10:4; Prov.
22:10, RSV; Heb. 10:33; 1 Cor. 9:18).
Could it be that what we say to or
about each other is the most frequent
abuse that occurs? Also, how might we
abuse blessings by misusing them?
the deep or bottomless
pit(compare KJV and RSV Rev. 9:1-2,11;
11:7; 17:8; 20:1). Place of torment for
demons (Luke 8:31, RSV); place of the
dead (Rom. 10:7, RSV).
ACACIA(uh KAY shuh). Large tree
whose hard wood was excellent for making
furniture. Used to make the ark of the
covenant and other wooden objects for
the tabernacle (RSV: Deut. 10:3; Ex. 25-27;
30; 37-38). Same as shittim woo
from the shittah tree (KJV).
ACCEPTABLE.Pleasing, receivable, welcome,
adequate (Ps. 51:17, RSV; Isa. 61:2;
Eph. 5:8-11; Heb. 11:4, RSV).
ACCESS.Ability to come into the presence.
Qualified to approach. Most often
used of the Christian's access to God.
Accepting Jesus Christ, who died for us, is
the sole requirement for access to God.
Jesus' death has removed all barriers
between God and people. Jesus enables
believers to draw near with confidence to
God (Rom. 5:2; Eph. 2:18, 3:12).
Ponder about people you feel comfortable
approaching and people you do not.
What makes the difference? What about
God makes it easy/hard to approach
ACCOMPLISH. Fulfill, complete, succeed
in doing, express (Isa. 55:11; Jer.
44:25; Ezek. 20:8; Luke 2:22; John
unity, singleness of purpose, agreement.
Can be with good of evil (Acts 2:46, 7:57;
ACCOUNT.Reckon, calculate, consider,
let your mind dwell on, give reasons for;
accept responsibility for (Matt. 12:36;
Luke 16:2; Rom. 14:12). When something
is accounted, it is credited to or recognized
as belonging to someone (Gal.
3:6; Luke 22:24). Also, an account is a
detailed record, count, or credit (Deut.
2:11; Ps. 144:3).
God knows all about every person and
holds us accountable. How do you think
this should affect your thoughts and
ACCURSED.Under a curse, set aside for
condemnation or destruction (Rom. 9:3;
Gal. 1:8-9; 1 Cor. 12:3; Josh. 6:17).
ACCUSE.Charge, credit with undesirable
action (Prov. 30:10; Acts 25:11; Luke
11:54). Accusation can be true or false
(John 8:6; Luke 3:14). Satan is sometimes
called the accuser (Rev. 12:10).
ACHAIA(uh KAY yuh). A Roman
province in the southern portion of
Greece. Corinth was its capital (2 Cor.
1:1; Acts 19:21; Rom. 15:26).
ACHAN(AY kuhn), also called
ACHAR.Israelite who stole items dedicated to God
from the city of Jericho after its destruction.
He hid what he stole and his sin
threatened the security of the entire
Israelite community. The Israelites put
him to death in the valley of Achor after
his sin was discovered (Josh. 7:1-26).
give attention to, agree with, accept,
respond to. Opposite of
. When a
person acknowledges transgressions or
wrongs, that confession opens the door
to repentance and change. To acknowledge
God is to agree with Him in attitude
and to respond to Him in action
(Jer. 24:5; Deut. 21:17; Ps. 51:3; 1
Can you think of one wrong in your
life? How would acknowledging it free
you from its burden?
ACTS, BOOK OF.New Testament book
written by Luke as continuation of the
Gospel of Luke. Acts traces the birth and
growth of the Christian church. Acts
shows how the early church carried out
Jesus Christ's command to make disciples
of all nations (Matt. 28:18-20). Peter, a
disciple, and Paul, a powerful convert to
Christianity, served as significant leaders
in the growth of the Christian church.
Acts tells about the unique coming of the
Holy Spirit upon Christians and His work
in the growth of the church.
The first half of Acts focuses on the
Jerusalem church, and the last half tells
about efforts of Paul and other missionaries
to spread Christianity to surrounding
areas such as Samaria, Damascus,
Antioch, Cyprus, Asia Minor, Europe,
and Rome. The Book of Acts ends with
an unhindered sharing of the gospel
(Acts 28:31). Acts is the first book of
church history and colorfully depicts
both the joys and growing pains of the
first century church.
Acts' teachings for today include
examples of (1) how to present the
gospel (Acts 2:14-21), (2) demonstrations
of refusal to let physical, economic,
or social barriers prevent us from
sharing the message of Christ (Acts 10-11),
and (3) encouragement to keep on
obeying God even in the worst of persecution
A.D.Latin abbreviation for
Dominimeaning in the year of our
Lord. Popularly, "after death"-the time
since Jesus Christ's death.
Jews use C. E. for common era.
ADAM(AD duhm). First man. God created
Adam in His image (Gen. 1:27;
2:7). Adam (and Eve) chose to mar
God's image by disobeying Him. This
sin plunged the human race into sin (Gen.
3; Rom. 5:12-21). Jesus Christ, the second
Adam, came to deliver us from sin and
transform us into His perfect image (1
Cor. 15:45,49; Rom. 8:29). See
* Self-image improves as one moves
toward the God-image of creation.
What kind of an image do you have of
ADAR(AD ahr). Twelfth Hebrew month.
Corresponds to our mid-February to mid-March
(Esther 3:7). See
Chartpages 228 & 229.
ADDER.Snake (Gen. 49:17; Prov.
ADHERE.Attach, stick, be loyal (2
Kings 17:34, NIV).
ADJURE.Plead, beg, command, appeal
in the most persuasive manner. Cause
to take an oath. The goal of those who
adjure is to make sure the information
given is correct (1 Kings 22:16; Matt.
26:63; Mark 5:7; Acts 19:13).
show, encourage to do right, warn,
advise, counsel, correct or praise to
motivate obedience to God. Those who
admonish are usually more mature
believers. Those who admonish are
always to be motivated and guided by
Jesus Christ (Rom. 15:14; Col. 3:16; 1
Thess. 5:12; 2 Thess. 3:15).
What has admonished you to obey
God? With what words might you
admonish a fellow believer?
ADONIJAH(ad oh NIGH juh). Name
My Lord is Yaweh
. 1. Fourth
son of David who tried without success
to take over his throne. When Solomon
inherited the throne after his father
Adam and Eve being banished from the garden of
David's death, he had Adonijah killed
(2 Sam. 3:4; 1 Kings 1:5-2:25). 2. A
Levite sent by Jehosaphat to teach
about God in the cities of Judah (2
Chron. 17:8-9). 3. One of Nehemiah's
chiefs who sealed the covenant (Neh.
ADOPT.1. Choose to become a parent of
a child you did not bear. Legally make a
child of other parents your child (Esther
2:15, RSV). Every person who trusts God
becomes a child of God by adoption and
inherits His resources (Rom. 8:15,23; Gal.
4:5; Eph. 1:5). 2. Choose an action or
item as your own (NIV: Job 15:5; Ps.
How does God's adoption of you
demonstrate His love for you?
ADULTERY.Voluntary sexual intercourse
of a married person with someone
besides his mate (Heb. 13:4). Spiritual
adultery occurs when believers turn their
love from God to someone or something
else (Jer. 3:9; Ezek. 23:37). Both sexual
and spiritual adultery are forbidden in the
Ten Commandments (Ex. 20:3,14).
Jesus explained that looking lustfully at
someone is an act of adultery (Matt. 5:27-30).
Adultery also is the generic term for
many sexual sins including incest and fornication
(sex before marriage).
Adultery continues to be one of the
more enticing sins.